Protecting the garden from Pests is one of the gardener’s key tasks. To prevent the plants from getting sick, gardeners use fungicides and follow the rules of agricultural technology. But these are not all garden plant problems that a gardener may face. An insect attack on a garden is a sudden and very common problem. Pest control of the garden is carried out using insecticides, chemical or biological preparations aimed at destroying harmful insects.
Application of Insecticides In The Garden
Types of Insecticides
There are many classifications of insecticides, chemical preparations differ in the type of plants treated (garden, domestic, flowering or herbaceous), in the direction of action (against all insects or only selected species), in the time of exposure (urgent, which must be repeated often, or long-acting preparations ). By the method of exposure, there are three main types of insecticides :
- Systemic insecticides. The drug is applied and acts on all parts of the plant, changing the chemical formula: stems, root system, leaves and flowers. Insects, feeding on the plant, eat a portion of the poison, after which they die. The advantage of a systemic insecticide is independence from weather conditions, the composition firmly settles on the plant. The lack of a systemic insecticide in delaying the result: the insect does not die immediately, but in order to receive a dose of the drug, the pest will have to eat the plant that will be spoiled.
- Intestinal insecticides. A group of drugs similar to the previous ones. Insect poisoning also occurs through the ingress of poison into the stomach. The only difference is in the effect on the plant: The preparations do not affect the chemical formula and the plant as a whole, they have a superficial character.
- Contact insecticides. They act on insects in a completely different way than systemic ones. Poisoning of an insect with toxins occurs at the moment of its contact with the treated plant. Hence the main advantage of contact insecticide – to get rid of pests, you do not need to wait until they eat the plant. Lack of contact insecticide in instability before weather conditions: after rain, the concentration of the active substance on the surface of the plant is greatly reduced.
Ways of Using best fungicide for plants
Another important classification of pest drugs is carried out according to the way they are used in the garden.
- Spraying plants with insecticides. This method of garden processing is the most popular and affordable, the price / quality ratio is the best, the efficiency is high. It is possible to control the concentration and frequency of treatment, and the coverage area of the drugs.
- Fumigation of plants with insecticides. This method is popularly called fumigation. The drug is produced in solid form, placed in a heat-resistant container, installed between the beds and set on fire. The released toxic substances are deposited on the plants. The disadvantage of the method, as you might guess, is the ubiquitous toxic treatment, not only plants are affected.
- Dusting plants with insecticides. Chemicals are produced in the form of a fine powder, similar in consistency to powder. It is forbidden to apply the drug to the living parts of the plant, it scatters on the ground. Under the influence of watering or rain, the protective properties of the composition come into effect.
- Laying insecticides into the ground. The principle of operation of the insecticide is similar to the previous one, only the form of release is different (instead of powder and powder, small granules) and the depth of the laying (not in bulk on the ground, but by digging into the upper layers of the soil). The convenience of this method, in comparison with dusting, is that the toxic preparation is not located on the visible surface, and, therefore, cannot be eaten by animals, for example. Its dissolution in the soil occurs gradually, it lasts for a long time.
Using insecticides in the garden is an effective but responsible business. Take the treatment seriously, use your own protection, treat the garden on a calm and dry day – then the procedure will go without complications, the garden will be protected.
Application of best fungicide for plants In The Garden
Among the traditional procedures for caring for plants in the garden is the treatment of the garden from diseases. Often in the step-by-step instructions we come across the mysterious word “fungicide”; beginners in gardening are lost in the abundance of terms. Fungicide is a drug necessary for the pest prevention and control of fungal diseases of plants. I will tell you more about the features of the choice and use of fungicides in the article.
Types of best fungicide for plants
There are many classifications of fungicides, depending on the criteria chosen. Let’s consider each of them separately. One of the main divisions of drugs is associated with the way the active substance is distributed inside the plant. And according to this criterion, two types of fungicide are distinguished:
- Contact fungicide has another name: local fungicide. This name is not accidental, the solution is applied to the surface of the plant and acts pointwise in those places where it fell. The causative agent of the disease is killed by physical contact with the fungicide. The duration of action of a fungicide depends on many factors: concentration, frequency of application, and even weather conditions affect the effectiveness of the fungicide.
- Systemic fungicide, also called plant-based fungicide. The active substances of these drugs penetrate into the plant, spreading through the vascular system of plants. When faced with a pathogen, the active substances suppressed their development. The advantages of systemic fungicides are in autonomy from weather conditions and external irritants.
Depending on the composition of the best fungicide for plants, it is customary to divide preparations in two directions. The first of them is the presence of organics and metals in the composition.
- Inorganic fungicides include compounds of copper, mercury, sulfur, iron, nickel, manganese, and potassium. These substances have a different hazard class for the plant itself, animals and humans, but in any case, their use does not go unnoticed.
- Organic fungicides do not contain heavy metals and are completely decomposed by microorganisms.
The second direction of dividing drugs by composition includes:
- Chemical fungicides. The composition of the preparations includes a chemical compound. This series of solutions is highly effective and helps in the treatment of even advanced diseases. However, the disadvantage of chemical fungicides is their high toxicity for living flora and fauna. It is necessary to carefully choose the timing of the garden treatment with fungicides, since the chemical solution should not get on the ovary, bud or fruit.
- Biological fungicides. They contain bacteria that are useful for plants and harmful to pathogenic flora. This feature is the main difference in the use of fungicides in the garden: it is necessary to stop exposure to chemical preparations long before the beginning of flowering of the plant, while biological preparations can and should be used throughout the entire growing season.
There are also drugs according to the method of using fungicides:
- Fungicide treatment is carried out at the stage of preparing seeds for planting.
- Spraying with fungicide is carried out during the budding period.
- The application of a fungicide to the soil for digging or as watering is used to eliminate pathogenic bacteria living in the soil.
Features of the use of best fungicide for plants
Before starting work, study the rules for using best fungicide for plants.
- Choose the right day to spray your plants. Morning or evening is suitable, without active sun, precipitation and wind.
- Do not neglect personal protection : the use of rubber gloves, goggles and a mask is a must when working with chemicals.
- Spraying takes a long time, use a special technique that will facilitate and speed up the process. To save money, try to spray only the aerial part of the plants.
- Be careful when using a systemic fungicide in crops such as greens, radishes, cherries, cherries, currants and gooseberries.
- Check the shelf life of the specific best fungicide for plants before use. Store fungicides away from food shelves, dry, dark and free from freezing. Apply the prepared fungicide solution immediately.
- Carefully make sure that the remains of the fungicide do not fall into natural water bodies, since the active substances in the solution will lead to environmental problems.
Using fungicides in the garden is an effective way to prevent fungal diseases. But in order not to harm the plants, it is important to know the rules for applying solutions and strictly follow them.
Since pest drugs are toxic, there are rules for using insecticides in the garden.
- Never exceed the dosage of the insecticide. You will not receive an increase in protection, but destroy the plant.
- Only use long-sleeved protective clothing with long sleeves and pants, including goggles and a respirator , when spraying the garden with insecticides .
- Apply the prepared insecticide solution immediately.
- Dishes for insecticide should be separate, not used anywhere else in everyday life and gardening.